The ATO has reported a decline in the overall value of work-related deductions for tax time 2018. In his opening statement to Senate Estimates on 24 October 2018, ATO Commissioner Chris Jordan said taxpayers appear to have taken extra care when claiming work-related expenses in their 2017–2018 income tax returns. This follows recent ATO initiatives to close the income tax gap for individuals, which was estimated at $8.7 billion or 6.4% in 2014–2015. By far the most common driver of the tax gap was incorrectly claimed work-related expenses. A lot of individuals were over-claiming work-related by small amounts, which adds up to a lot, Mr Jordan said. In response, the ATO stepped up its awareness and education efforts to help people get it right for tax time 2018.